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  • Hedingham CastleThe Norman keep of Hedingham Castle is over 900 years old
  • Hadleigh CastleThe ruins of Hadleigh Castle overlooking Essex countryside
  • Bourne MillOriginally built as a fishing lodge in 1591, Bourne Mill is a grade 1 listed building steeped in history

Discover & explore historical Essex


Essex features one of the richest tapestries of history found throughout the UK. It has been invaded by Romans, Saxons and Normans, it has been home to a plethora of famous historical figures, artists and royalty and today features some of the most intriguing architecture and historical sites within the country.



Given Essex's history it is unsurprising that the architecture within this county includes everything from the regal design of Audley End House, onto the 9th century charm of Greensted church and finally through to the most modern of residential buildings from the 1930s that can be seen throughout the county.



Hedingham Castle - Castle Hedingham

This expansive estate features a Norman fortress, manicured gardens as well as a small café and gift shop.


Hadleigh Castle - Hadleigh

This castle overlooks the Thames estuary with a picturesque setting and has unsurprisingly featured within many a Constable painting.


Colchester Castle Museum - Colchester

This castle based museum will run you through a range of engaging exhibitions which cover over 2,000 years of history.


Mountfitchet Castle - Stansted Mountfitchet

This castle hails from medieval England and the visitor experience has been based around the year of 1066, where you'll find a Norman village to explore.


Historic houses/sites

As well as a plethora of churches, cathedrals and castles Essex has a wide variety of other sites of historical significance, including:


Audley End House - Saffron Walden

This regal house was once home to King Charles II.


Prior's Hall Barn - Widdington

This barn dates its roots all the way back to medieval times.


The Gardens of Easton Lodge - Little Easton

This wonderful range of gardens spans over 23 acres. This home provides an incredibly well preserved overview of the way in which 14th century merchants lived.


Bourne Mill - Colchester

This water mill has been maintained by the National Trust and today makes for a picturesque day out.



Essex is home to over 300 churches which range from medieval times right through to the modern day. Perhaps most notably The Greensted Church in the traditional village of Greensted-junta-Ongar counts as the oldest church in the whole of England.


The Essex Churches Site is a great resource, listing over 300 churches to be found throughout Essex.



Cathedrals feature heavily throughout England, and Essex can lay claim to two of them:


Chelmsford Cathedral - Chelmsford

This 11th century cathedral is free to visit and feature music recitals each lunchtime.


Brentwood Cathedral - Ingrave

This Roman Catholic cathedral dates back to 1861 and features architecture that is heavily Italian Renaissance inspired.


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